decisionmaking

Base rate neglect and conservatism in probabilistic reasoning: Insights from eliciting full distributions

Bayesian statistics offers a normative description for how a person should combine their original beliefs (i.e., their priors) in light of new evidence (i.e., the likelihood). Previous research suggests that people tend to under-weight both their …

Risking everything in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: An analogue decision-making study

An experiment examined decision-making processes among nonclinical participants with low or high levels of OCD symptomatology (N=303). To better simulate the decision environments that are most likely to be problematic for clients with OCD, we …

Ambiguity aversion in qualitative contexts: A vignette study

Most studies of ambiguity aversion rely on experimental paradigms involving contrived monetary bets. Thus, the extent to which ambiguity aversion is evident outside of such contexts is largely unknown, particularly in those contexts which cannot …

The exploration advantage: Children's instinct to explore allows them to find information that adults miss

Humans have a long childhood in comparison to all other species. Across disciplines, researchers agree that humans’ prolonged immaturity is integral to our unique intelligence. The studies presented here support the hypothesis that human beings’ …

Decision-making

Making choices in a complex world