Adult regularization of inconsistent input depends on pragmatic factors


In a variety of domains, adults who are given input that is only partially consistent don’t discard the inconsistent portion (regularize) but rather maintain the probability of consistent and inconsistent portions in their behavior (probability match). This research investigates the possibility that adults probability match, at least in part, because of two pragmatic assumptions that they bring to the learning problem: (a) that the variation they see is predictable rather than random; and (b) that their goal is to correctly learn that variation. Evidence from two experiments demonstrates that when either assumption is eliminated, people probability match less and therefore regularize more. These results are discussed with respect to age and domain differences in regularization.

Language Learning and Development 12: 138-155. [Peter Jusczyk Best Paper Award]
Andrew Perfors

I seek to understand how people reason and think, both on their own and in groups.